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Kentucky and the Great WarWorld War I on the Home Front$
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David J. Bettez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168012

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

The Kentucky Council of Defense

The Kentucky Council of Defense

(p.49) 3 The Kentucky Council of Defense
Kentucky and the Great War

David J. Bettez

University Press of Kentucky

In April 1917 Governor Augustus O. Stanley issued an executive order establishing a state Council of National Defense to coordinate war-support activities in Kentucky. This council worked with the federal Council of National Defense, which suggested policies and activities. Headed first by Embry Swearingen and then Edward Hines, the state council was eventually sanctioned and funded by the legislature when it met in spring 1918. Subcommittees focused on topics such as agriculture, publicity, and public safety. The Kentucky Council of Defense (KCD) helped form county councils, which sponsored local war-support activities such as Liberty Loan drives and the Red Cross. The KCD held statewide conferences to discuss and coordinate war-support activities, such as county Patriotic Weeks. Much of the publicity effort resulted from the work of KCD member Henry Hardin Cherry, president of Western Kentucky State Normal School. After the war the KCD held a conference to discuss Kentucky’s problems and coordinated a project whereby each county compiled histories of its war efforts and soldier records.

Keywords:   Augustus O. Stanley, Kentucky Council of Defense, Embry Swearingen, Edward Hines, Liberty Loan, Red Cross, Patriotic Week, Henry Hardin Cherry

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