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Kentucky and the Great WarWorld War I on the Home Front$
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David J. Bettez

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168012

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168012.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 01 July 2022

Food and Fuel Administration

Food and Fuel Administration

(p.139) 7 Food and Fuel Administration
Kentucky and the Great War

David J. Bettez

University Press of Kentucky

After the United States joined the war, President Woodrow Wilson named Herbert Hoover as head of the US Food Administration, which was intended to promote food conservation and increase production. Hoover appointed Louisvillian Fred Sackett as federal food administrator for Kentucky. Sackett worked with various individuals and county councils of defense to carry out programs such as “meatless” and “wheatless” days. Housewives were encouraged to use substitutes for scarce food items; children were encouraged to grow school gardens. Sackett handled cases of noncompliance with policies that included having violators donate to the Red Cross–an example of the “voluntary coercion” that occurred during the war. The federal government also created a Fuel Administration, which was headed in Kentucky by Louisville businessman Wiley Bryan. Bryan encouraged people, businesses, and organizations to conserve fuel. He coordinated efforts to increase fuel production, primarily in the coal regions. He tried to ensure an equitable distribution of coal to homes during the shortage that occurred in the record-breaking cold winter of 1917-1918.

Keywords:   Herbert Hoover, US Food Administration, Fred Sackett, conservation, wheatless and meatless days, voluntary coercion, gardens, US Fuel Administration, Wiley Bryan, coal

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