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The Origins of the Grand AllianceAnglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor$
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William T. Johnsen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168333

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Lessons Lived, Learned, Lost

Lessons Lived, Learned, Lost

Episodic Progress in U.S. and British Experiences in Coalition Warfare, 1900–1918

(p.11) 1 Lessons Lived, Learned, Lost
The Origins of the Grand Alliance

William T. Johnsen

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter describes the so-called intellectual baggage that set the context for the Anglo-American negotiations of 1937–1941 by examining the experience of the respective national military leaders and planners in the period 1900–1918. The narrative addresses the absence of U.S. coalition experience prior to April 1917 as well as early Anglo-French collaboration before World War I. The focus of this chapter is on coalition activities of the Allied and Associated Powers in World War I. Specifically, the chapter addresses the sometimes tortured progress surrounding unity of strategic direction, unity of command, and the strategy mechanisms necessary for successful coalition collaboration. The narrative contrasts the relative success of amalgamating or integrating British and American naval forces with the tremendous frictions surrounding the amalgamation of the American Expeditionary Force with British and French forces.

Keywords:   American Expeditionary Force, amalgamation, British Expeditionary Force, coalition, strategic direction, unity of command, William S. Sims, John J. Pershing, Ferdinand Foch, Supreme War Council

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