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The Origins of the Grand AllianceAnglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor$
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William T. Johnsen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168333

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.001.0001

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Neither Friend nor Foe

Neither Friend nor Foe

U.S.-British Relations in the Interwar Years

(p.33) 2 Neither Friend nor Foe
The Origins of the Grand Alliance

William T. Johnsen

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter establishes the political, diplomatic, economic, and military conditions of the interwar period that set the context for the first Anglo-American contacts. The narrative highlights U.S.-U.K. frictions in the diplomatic and economic arenas. Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain’s disdain for U.S. policy in general and specific personal animus against Franklin D. Roosevelt set the political-diplomatic theater. The discussion recounts the Anglo-American naval rivalry and its ultimate resolution that established the environment for first military contacts. From a military perspective, the account describes the factors affecting military strategy and planning of each of the two powers in the interwar era. The chapter outlines the rising tensions in Europe and the Far East and how these events and common national interests slowly drew the United States and the United Kingdom more closely together and allowed for the initial military contacts.

Keywords:   antiwar, appeasement, U.S. isolation, Neville Chamberlain, Franklin Roosevelt, Anglo-American naval rivalry, war debts, Merchants of Death, Ten-Year Rule

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