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The Origins of the Grand AllianceAnglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor$
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William T. Johnsen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168333

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Groping in the Dark

Groping in the Dark

U.S.-British Coalition Encounters, 1936–1939

(p.49) 3 Groping in the Dark
The Origins of the Grand Alliance

William T. Johnsen

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter begins with a description of the Panay Incident, a Japanese attack on U.S. and British gunboats in China in December 1937, that prompted Roosevelt to initiate naval conversations. The narrative details themission ofCaptain Royal Ingersoll, director of U.S. Navy War Plans, for exploratory talks in January 1938 with his British counterparts, including a description of agreed actions by each navy. The chapter recounts follow-up efforts in London a year later as well as the dispatch of Commander T.C. Hampton, Royal Navy, to the United States in June 1939 for secret conversations with the chief of naval operations, Admiral William D. Leahy, and his new chief of war plans, Captain Robert L. Ghormley. The account briefly describes rudimentary Anglo-French planning from 1936 to 1939. The chapter closes with the state of play of Anglo-American collaboration at the outbreak of the war in Europe.

Keywords:   Anglo-American naval collaboration, Anglo-French coalition, Lord Ernle Chatfield, T.C. Hampton, Royal E. Ingersoll, William D. Leahy, Thomas V. Phillips, Russell Willson

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