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The Origins of the Grand AllianceAnglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor$
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William T. Johnsen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168333

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Ties That Bind

Ties That Bind

The Effects of Supply Negotiations on Anglo-American Cooperation, 1938–1940

(p.65) 4 Ties That Bind
The Origins of the Grand Alliance

William T. Johnsen

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter examines the early British and French efforts to procure war materiel from the United States and the positive influence of those negotiations on the development of Anglo-American collaboration. The account first establishes the intense anti-interventionist sentiment that set the conditions for the negotiations. The narrative outlines the initial confused nature of the British and French purchasing commissions. Using the development and purchase of aircraft as the primary case study, the chapter outlines the fits, starts, and frictions that plagued the initial supply negotiations. Although shared mutual interests facilitated collaboration, the fact that Anglo-French purchase orders developed the U.S. industrial base and contributed to lowering unemployment still lingering from the Great Depression helped as well. Over time, the negotiations slowly intertwined the two powers’ industrial efforts, promoting an increasing spiral of collaboration that included war planning based on allocation decisions.

Keywords:   Anti-interventionism, Henry H. Arnold, Arthur Balfour, Lord Riverdale, British Purchasing Commission, Neville Chamberlain, Jean Monnet, Henry Morgenthau, Neutrality Acts, Franklin Roosevelt, Henry Woodring

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