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The Origins of the Grand AllianceAnglo-American Military Collaboration from the Panay Incident to Pearl Harbor$
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William T. Johnsen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780813168333

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.001.0001

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The Americans Come to Listen, August–September 1940

The Americans Come to Listen, August–September 1940

Chapter:
(p.81) 5 The Americans Come to Listen, August–September 1940
Source:
The Origins of the Grand Alliance
Author(s):

William T. Johnsen

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813168333.003.0005

The chapter initially outlines how the fall of France affected not only the European balance of power but also global U.S. national security interests. The narrative describes British efforts to obtain war supplies to replace those abandoned in France as well as Churchill’s pleas for immediate U.S. aid. The account explores changes in U.S. war planning to accommodate these geostrategic upheavals, including Roosevelt’s decision to provide aid to Britain. Before fully committing U.S. materiel support, Roosevelt needed to ascertain whether Britain would survive long enough to make good use of equipment desperately needed for the possible mobilization of U.S. Armed Forces. The chapter offers a detailed description and analysis of the U.S. mission ofthree senior U.S. officers whom Roosevelt dispatched to assess the odds of Britain’s near-term and long-term survival. The U.S. mission concluded that Britain would survive and that the United States eventually would be drawn into the war.

Keywords:   Anglo-American Standardization of Arms Committee, Bailey Committee, British Purchasing Commission, Robert L. Ghormley, Delos C. Emmons, Latin America, Rainbow Plans, Ridley Pakenham-Walsh, George V. Strong

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