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The Myth and Reality of German Warfare – Operational Thinking from Moltke the Elder to Heusinger - Kentucky Scholarship Online
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The Myth and Reality of German Warfare: Operational Thinking from Moltke the Elder to Heusinger

Gerhard P. Gross


Landlocked in central Europe and surrounded by potential adversaries, nineteenth-century Prussia and twentieth-century Germany faced the prospect of multifront wars and wars of attrition. To counteract these threats, generations of German general staff officers were educated in operational thinking, the main factors of which—defining the center of gravity, risk assessment, speed, and maneuver—were extremely influential on military planning across the globe and were specifically adopted by American and Soviet armies. Based on such training, German staff officers and their adversaries directed m ... More

Keywords: operational thinking, German General Staff, NATO, Erich Ludendorff, Alfred von Schlieffen, Moltke the Elder

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780813168371
Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813168371.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Gerhard P. Gross, author
Center of Military History and Social Sciences, German Armed Forces