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Wars of Modern BabylonA History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003$
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Pesach Malovany

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780813169439

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813169439.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

The Regime’s Struggle against Internal Opposition

The Regime’s Struggle against Internal Opposition

(p.640) Chapter 38 The Regime’s Struggle against Internal Opposition
Wars of Modern Babylon

Pesach Malovany IDF (Ret.)

Amatzia Baram

Kevin M. Woods

Ronna Englesberg

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter deals with the regime’s struggle against internal opposition and the internal security problem after 1991, and how it responded to it. These included open resistance by different factions of the population (mainly Shiites), which continued even after the brutal suppression of the Intifada (March 1991), as well as growing attempts in the 1990s by various elements in the armed forces to stage a military coup. These developments caused Saddam to place defending the regime against internal threats at the top of his agenda, whereas the struggle against external threats was considered to be of secondary importance. The regime’s chief response was to strengthen Iraq’s intelligence and security organizations and enlarge the forces that defend the regime, and employing harsh measures against any opposition.

Keywords:   Internal opposition, internal security problem, Shiites, Military coups, Intelligence and security organizations, “Regular” Army, Republican Guard, Regime-Army relations, Defection of generals, The Dulaim uprising

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