This chapter lays the foundation for the ultimate trajectory of Barbara’s career as a film actress, concurrently providing plot, production, and critical reception information for each film addressed. Following her appearance inDesperate Trails (1921), a relatively small-scale film,The Three Musketeers (1921) is released, smashing box office records worldwide and providing her with far-reaching exposure. Barbara and Ben Deely, meanwhile, permanently separate. Barbara’s typecasting as a vampire (vamp) is more firmly established after her role in Cinderella of the Hills (1921). Intensive treatment is given to the dynamics behind the emergence of the vamp stereotype into mainstream American culture and its effect upon film industry trends at the time. Barbara is cast by leading director Rex Ingram alongside Ramon Novarro in two films, The Prisoner of Zenda (1922) and Black Orchids (1922), the latter of which will have an indelible bearing upon her career, vamp typecasting, and public image.
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