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Paul Rusch in Postwar JapanEvangelism, Rural Development, and the Battle against Communism$
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Andrew T. McDonald and Verlaine Stoner McDonald

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813176079

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813176079.001.0001

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Faith and Compromise

Faith and Compromise

(p.127) 6 Faith and Compromise
Paul Rusch in Postwar Japan

Andrew T. McDonald

Verlaine Stoner McDonald

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 6 follows Rusch’s work in army intelligence, where he was in close contact with a number of Japanese prime ministers and high officials. Many officials were cooperating with the American effort to ferret out Communists, and Rusch was part of an administration that bent the rules of democracy by supporting pro-American Japanese candidates while hindering their opponents. At the same time, Rusch was working to restore institutions of the Nippon Seikokai, the Episcopal Church of Japan, and he used his authority as an army officer to forward his various projects, including the rebuilding of Seisen-Ryo. He was accused by his superiors of abusing his power to help the church and rebuild the lodge. Rusch covertly aided the heiress Miki Sawada in caring for mixed-race children born of sexual liaisons between Japanese women and Allied personnel, and he routinely raided American supplies to help Sawada feed the displaced children. Rusch also played a minor role in ushering in the McCarthy era in America, providing anti-Communist intelligence to his superiors and helping defend the army and his boss, General Charles A. Willoughby, against charges that Willoughby’s operatives smeared an American citizen as a Communist agent.

Keywords:   Shigeru Yoshida, purge, Hirohito, orphans, Agnes Smedley, Japan, Communism, Miki Sawada, Paul Rusch, Christianity

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