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The Struggle Is EternalGloria Richardson and Black Liberation$
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Joseph R. Fitzgerald

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813176499

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813176499.001.0001

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Shock Therapy, Round One

Shock Therapy, Round One

(p.69) 5 Shock Therapy, Round One
The Struggle Is Eternal

Joseph R. Fitzgerald

University Press of Kentucky

Commencing in early 1962, the Cambridge movement took shape with the aid of college students from beyond Maryland’s Eastern Shore who belonged to the bourgeoning student movement of the early 1960s. These students subscribed to the political philosophy of participatory democracy, whereby local people organized their own campaigns for black liberation. The most important student organization that assisted local movements was the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), which worked directly with Gloria Richardson and the Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee (CNAC), the organization that led the Cambridge movement. CNAC’s agenda, which was established through a needs assessment survey created by Richardson, identified a lack of access to jobs, poor housing, and segregated schools as the community’s main concerns. CNAC initiated voter education and registration drives to build community support for its freedom campaign, which white residents and white leaders resisted at every turn.

Keywords:   Cambridge Nonviolent Action Committee, participatory democracy, needs assessment, student movement, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, voter education and registration

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