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The Struggle Is EternalGloria Richardson and Black Liberation$
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Joseph R. Fitzgerald

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780813176499

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813176499.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

Creative Chaos

Creative Chaos

(p.145) 8 Creative Chaos
The Struggle Is Eternal

Joseph R. Fitzgerald

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter chronicles Richardson’s travels to northern cities to aid local activists who were building freedom movements based on the same issues addressed in Cambridge: jobs, housing, health care, and education. As such, the Cambridge movement was a model for the northern activists who developed Black Power, and they looked to Richardson as a leader they could emulate—notably, her counterprotest during George Wallace’s visit to Cambridge in May 1964. Through her use of “creative chaos”—a strategy that confused the Cambridge movement’s opponents—Richardson solidified her reputation for effective human rights leadership. Gendered interpretations of her leadership and activism, as well as the role of gender in the civil rights movement more generally, are also covered, as is her relocation to New York City in 1964 when she married photojournalist Frank Dandridge.

Keywords:   creative chaos, gender, George Wallace, leadership

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