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Biplanes at WarUS Marine Corps Aviation in the Small Wars Era, 1915-1934$
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Wray R. Johnson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177045

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177045.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 06 April 2020

Proving Ground

Proving Ground

Haiti, 1915–1934

(p.61) 2 Proving Ground
Biplanes at War

Wray R. Johnson

Wray R. Johnson

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter examines the US Marine Corps’ experience during the occupation of Haiti from 1915 to 1934. The chapter provides background to the intervention and a discussion of initial military operations against Haitian caco irregulars, followed by a detailed examination of the introduction and employment of Marine Corps aviation. A key theme is adaptation and innovation, given that the tactics employed during World War I were not well suited to the intervention and later occupation. The chapter concludes with Haitianization and the withdrawal of the marines, including aviation, in 1934.

Keywords:   US Marine Corps, Haiti, intervention, occupation, aviation, adaptation, innovation, cacos

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