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Biplanes at WarUS Marine Corps Aviation in the Small Wars Era, 1915-1934$
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Wray R. Johnson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177045

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177045.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 13 November 2019

Proving Ground

Proving Ground

Haiti, 1915–1934

Chapter:
(p.61) 2 Proving Ground
Source:
Biplanes at War
Author(s):

Wray R. Johnson

Wray R. Johnson

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813177045.003.0003

This chapter examines the US Marine Corps’ experience during the occupation of Haiti from 1915 to 1934. The chapter provides background to the intervention and a discussion of initial military operations against Haitian caco irregulars, followed by a detailed examination of the introduction and employment of Marine Corps aviation. A key theme is adaptation and innovation, given that the tactics employed during World War I were not well suited to the intervention and later occupation. The chapter concludes with Haitianization and the withdrawal of the marines, including aviation, in 1934.

Keywords:   US Marine Corps, Haiti, intervention, occupation, aviation, adaptation, innovation, cacos

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