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Biplanes at WarUS Marine Corps Aviation in the Small Wars Era, 1915-1934$
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Wray R. Johnson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177045

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177045.001.0001

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Marine Corps Aviation Comes of Age

Marine Corps Aviation Comes of Age

Nicaragua, 1926–1933

(p.193) 4 Marine Corps Aviation Comes of Age
Biplanes at War

Wray R. Johnson

Wray R. Johnson

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter brings US Marine Corps aviation into the modern age, using the intervention in Nicaragua in 1927 as a backdrop. The chapter provides background to the intervention, followed by a detailed examination of the transformation of Marine Corps aviation, including the introduction of modern aircraft, more fully developed tactics such as dive-bombing, and the innovative use of transportation aviation. Highlights include the rise of Augusto Sandino as insurgent leader, the first unassisted air attack on an enemy position, the maturation of air-ground operations, and the employment of Marine Corps aviation during Nicaraguan elections in 1928 and 1934, as well as disaster relief operations following a devastating earthquake in Managua in 1931.

Keywords:   US Marine Corps, intervention, Nicaragua, innovation, air-ground operations, dive-bombing, disaster relief

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