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Building Ho's ArmyChinese Military Assistance to North Vietnam$
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Xiaobing Li

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177946

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177946.001.0001

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Postwar Transformation and New Geopolitics

Postwar Transformation and New Geopolitics

(p.154) 7 Postwar Transformation and New Geopolitics
Building Ho's Army

Xiaobing Li

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter 7 explains Mao’s Cold War theory, in which a clash between China and the United States would inevitably occur sooner or later. The Chinese military should thus have its priorities and preparations established prior to this inevitable conflict. After the Indochina Settlement was signed at Geneva in July 1954, China continued to provide weaponry, equipment, and military training to North Vietnam. This chapter points out that, in June 1965, China began to send its troops to the Vietnam War. Between 1965 and 1968, China sent twenty-three divisions to Vietnam, including ninety-five regiments, totaling some 320,000 troops. Beginning in 1968, China also sent 110,000 troops to Laos to provide air defense, construct and repair highways, and maintain transportation and communication along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Nevertheless, the Vietnam War seriously tested the limits of the Communist alliance. Rather than improving Sino-Soviet relations, aid to North Vietnam created a new competition as each superpower attempted to control Southeast Asian Communist movements.

Keywords:   Geneva Conference, Viet Cong, Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh Trail, Sino-Soviet split, Lyndon Johnson, Rolling Thunder, attrition warfare, Richard Nixon

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