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Building Ho's ArmyChinese Military Assistance to North Vietnam$
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Xiaobing Li

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813177946

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813177946.001.0001

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Conflict and Cooperation: Friend or Foe?

(p.178) Conclusion
Building Ho's Army

Xiaobing Li

University Press of Kentucky

The conclusion points out that to maintain maximum support, North Vietnam remained neutral in the Sino-Soviet rivalry. This triangular relationship changed after Ho died in 1969. Hanoi began moving closer to Moscow in 1970–1972, and the traditional alliance between China and North Vietnam established in 1950 fell apart. After the Paris Peace Treaty was signed in January 1973 and American troops withdrew, the Chinese Navy attacked the South Vietnamese Navy around the Paracel and Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. When the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam claimed the islands, but Chinese troops stayed, and China remained in control in the South China Sea. Unresolved issues led to hostility and crises between China and Vietnam, and Beijing invaded Vietnam in 1979. The best Communist friends had become the worst enemies in fewer than ten years.

Keywords:   Paris Accords, Henry Kissinger, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Deng Xiaoping, Sino-Vietnamese border war, disputed islands, South China Sea, US-China relations, US-SRV relations

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