Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
John Hervey Wheeler, Black Banking, and the Economic Struggle for Civil Rights$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brandon K. Winford

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813178257

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813178257.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 23 June 2021

Direct Action and the Search for “Freedom of Movement”

Direct Action and the Search for “Freedom of Movement”

Chapter:
(p.126) 4 Direct Action and the Search for “Freedom of Movement”
Source:
John Hervey Wheeler, Black Banking, and the Economic Struggle for Civil Rights
Author(s):

Brandon K. Winford

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813178257.003.0005

Chapter 4 examines Wheeler’s activism during the direct-action phase of the civil rights movement. It pushes us to consider how a black businessman in Wheeler’s position could serve not as an obstacle to but as a steadfast advocate of alternative tactics during the 1960s. Despite the emergence of student-centered leadership with the 1960 sit-in movement, Wheeler did not take a sidelines position. Instead, he continued to operate behind the scenes while publicly and privately lending his support to student activists. Wheeler had a reputation for always being ahead of his time, and white leaders considered him to be a radical. His acceptance of young activists and his integrationist views represented a unique departure from many of his black business contemporaries. I argue that while direct action represented a shift away from strict reliance on legal tactics, as well as a generational shift in leadership, Wheeler recognized that ongoing civil disobedience meant that he was in a much better position than ever before to fulfill the ideals of New South prosperity through increased involvement in reform and policymaking at the local, state, and national levels.

Keywords:   Direct-action phase, Civil rights movement, Black business, Sit-in movement, Integrationist, Generational leadership, New South prosperity, Policymaking, Student-centered leadership

Kentucky Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .