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Breaking ProtocolAmerica's First Female Ambassadors, 1933-1964$
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Philip Nash

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780813178394

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813178394.001.0001

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Eugenie M. Anderson

Eugenie M. Anderson

Denmark, 1949–1953, and Bulgaria, 1962–1964

(p.104) 5 Eugenie M. Anderson
Breaking Protocol

Philip Nash

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter studies the appointments of Eugenie Anderson as ambassador to Denmark (1949–1953) and minister to Bulgaria (1962–1964). Anderson began as a prominent activist in Minnesota’s Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party. Dispatched to Cold War Denmark by President Harry S. Truman, Anderson reached out publicly like Owen and Harriman had, calling this approach “people’s diplomacy.” For example, she learned Danish, which wowed her hosts. After Anderson returned to Minnesota politics, President John F. Kennedy appointed her minister to Bulgaria, making her the first female US chief of mission in a Communist country. This was a hardship post, but Anderson drew rave reviews for the job she did standing up to an odious Stalinist regime. Anderson’s record, including being the first American woman to sign a treaty, likely establishes her as the most gifted of the early woman envoys.

Keywords:   Eugenie Anderson, Denmark, Bulgaria, Minnesota politics, Cold War, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy

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