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Thoughts on War$
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Phillip S. Meilinger

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813178899

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813178899.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 29 June 2022

Determining the Effects of the Allied Air Offensive

Determining the Effects of the Allied Air Offensive

(p.186) 13 Determining the Effects of the Allied Air Offensive
Thoughts on War

Phillip S. Meilinger

University Press of Kentucky

This essay deals with the massive report chartered by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1944 to measure the effects of strategic bombing on Germany and Japan—the US Strategic Bombing Survey (USSBS). Ascertaining the effects of air strikes was critical, and airmen took steps to ensure that data would be amassed and analyzed to determine if the strategic bombing campaign was successful and worth the effort. USSBS was a massive effort employing over 1,500 personnel that conducted a detailed examination of the evidence both in Europe and the Pacific. Its unimpeachable findings and answers were fairly clear-cut, as detailed in the statistical findings published in over 300 reports. This essay closely examines the bulk of the surveys and reveals what they actually said.

Keywords:   Strategic bombing, US Strategic Bombing Survey, German war economy, air targeting, Air Corps Tactical School, precision bombing, Royal Air Force Bomber Command, US Strategic Air Forces Europe, B-29 bomber, Japan, Twentieth Air Force, atomic bombs

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