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American DatuJohn J. Pershing and Counterinsurgency Warfare in the Muslim Philippines, 1899-1913$
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Ronald K. Edgerton

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813178936

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813178936.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 23 July 2021

Hard War in Jolo

Hard War in Jolo

(p.142) 6 Hard War in Jolo
American Datu

Ronald K. Edgerton

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter analyzes the murderous war between American troops and the Tausug Moros on Jolo Island, 1903–1906. It begins by discussing Panglima Hassan’s failed efforts to nurture a working relationship with Sulu governor Hugh Lenox Scott. It goes on to list specific do’s and don’ts in fighting small wars. Governor Scott and Gen. Wood committed many of the “don’ts.” They initially failed to consider the centrality of arbitration to the Tausug datu system, how the abolition of debt peonage threatened datus, and how imposition of the cedula tax offended Tausug religious sensibilities. Despite numerous American victories against Hassan and other Tausug Moros, the insurgency grew and spread into a reign of terror. Its horrifying climax came in March 1906 with the massacre of 700–900 Moro men, women, and children on a volcanic peak called Bud (Mt.) Dajo.

Keywords:   Hugh Lenox Scott, Leonard Wood, slavery, arbitration, cedula, Panglima Hassan, Pala, Bud (Mt.) Dajo

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