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American DatuJohn J. Pershing and Counterinsurgency Warfare in the Muslim Philippines, 1899-1913$
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Ronald K. Edgerton

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813178936

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813178936.001.0001

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Learning to Live with Accommodation

Learning to Live with Accommodation

(p.169) 7 Learning to Live with Accommodation
American Datu

Ronald K. Edgerton

University Press of Kentucky

This chapter focuses on the time between Gen. Wood’s departure and Gen. Pershing’s return to Moro Province (1906–1909). In these years, Moros and Americans began to confront each other less and to accommodate each other more. Counterinsurgency operations continued as the Philippine Constabulary battled insurgents in dozens of firefights, but the army remained relatively idle. Some 500–600 Moros died in these hostilities, a significant number to be sure, but far from the approximately 4,000 Moros killed in the Wood years. American Moro Province governor Tasker Bliss adopted a policy recommended by Najeeb Saleeby, a former Moro Province school superintendent who advised Americans to respect and work with Moro datus rather than undermine them. A modus vivendi emerged in which Moros went along with a variety of economic, commercial, and infrastructural changes, while Americans refrained from overtly threatening Moro social, religious, educational, and political institutions, with the one exception of slavery.

Keywords:   Tasker Bliss, Najeeb Saleeby, Philippine Constabulary, Hadji Butu, Edward Bolton, Jikiri, Ampuan Agaus, education, Ralph Hoyt, lumads

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