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Fourteen Points for the Twenty-First CenturyA Renewed Appeal for Cooperative Internationalism$
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Richard H. Immerman and Jeffrey A. Engel

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813179001

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813179001.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

The Virtues of Quiet Diplomacy

The Virtues of Quiet Diplomacy

Chapter:
(p.272) 13 The Virtues of Quiet Diplomacy
Source:
Fourteen Points for the Twenty-First Century
Author(s):

John Bew

Charlie Laderman

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813179001.003.0014

This chapter discusses the benefits of quiet diplomacy in comparison to open diplomacy, focusing on the highest levels of the international system. It examines the different types of diplomacy and provides historical examples. The authors argue that although secret diplomacy is never ideal, it is sometimes necessary for the safe resolution of international crises. Further, open diplomacy—something Woodrow Wilson explicitly demanded in his Fourteen Points—has certain downsides that must be acknowledged, especially in the era of cyberhacking and mass manipulation of public opinion. The chapter concludes by pointing out that there must be a balance between openness and secrecy, as certain negotiations must remain confidential to ensure international security.

Keywords:   Wilsonianism, open diplomacy, negotiations, quiet diplomacy, confidentiality, security, Wikileaks

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