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The SailorFranklin D. Roosevelt and the Transformation of American Foreign Policy$
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David F. Schmitz

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813180441

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813180441.001.0001

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International Crises, 1937–1940

International Crises, 1937–1940

(p.64) 3 International Crises, 1937–1940
The Sailor

David F. Schmitz

University Press of Kentucky

Facing increasing aggression abroad with the German reoccupation of the Rhine, Italy's invasion of Ethiopia, the Spanish Civil War, Japan's attack on China, and Germany's absorption of Austria, and the failure of the Munich Conference and the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia, Roosevelt began a campaign to educate the American people to understand the threat these actions posed to the United States and to support preparedness and his internationalist foreign policy. Beginning with the Quarantine Speech, the president challenged sought revisions of the Neutrality Act as he challenged the position of non-intervention, began a buildup of American forces, and forged a closer relationship with Great Britain. While his efforts failed to prevent war, Roosevelt launched a great debate over America's role in the world that began moving public opinion away from neutrality to internationalism.

Keywords:   FDR, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President, Foreign Policy, International Relations, Internationalism, Spanish Civil War, Ethiopia, Quarantine Speech, Neutrality Act, Munich Conference, Great Debate, Nazi occupation

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