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The SailorFranklin D. Roosevelt and the Transformation of American Foreign Policy$
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David F. Schmitz

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780813180441

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813180441.001.0001

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The Fulcrum of Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy

The Fulcrum of Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy

(p.95) 4 The Fulcrum of Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy
The Sailor

David F. Schmitz

University Press of Kentucky

From June 1940 to March 1941, President Roosevelt put into place his war cabinet, obtained direct aid to Great Britain, and imposed a partial embargo on Japan. In the wake of the fall of France in June 1940, FDR expanded American military production and prepared for war. December and January 1941 were the fulcrum of Roosevelt’s foreign policy as he called for lend-lease aid for those fighting Germany, announced that the United States would be the “arsenal of democracy,” and set out the ideological justifications for war in defense of the four freedoms: freedom from want and fear, freedom of belief and speech. The passage of the lend-lease bill in March 1941 marked the final triumph of internationalism over neutrality.

Keywords:   FDR, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President, Internationalism, Foreign Policy, International Relations, WWII, Fall of France, Embargo, "Arsenal of Democracy", Four Freedoms, Lend-Lease, War Cabinet, World War Two

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