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VitagraphAmerica's First Great Motion Picture Studio$
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Andrew A. Erish

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780813181196

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813181196.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 25 June 2022



(p.31) 2 1905–1908

Andrew A. Erish

University Press of Kentucky

Chapter Two covers Vitagraph's return to production on a full-time basis, which began with relocating its studio from a rooftop in Manhattan to a purpose-built facility in Brooklyn. The new glass-roofed studios enabled year-round production, necessitating the establishment of a stock company of players and writer-directors. Blackton and Smith devised a system whereby each would oversee production units that reflected their individual values and approach to cinema. This coincided with the explosive growth of nickelodeon theatres across America. Vitagraph opened a distribution office in Chicago, as well as sales offices in London and Paris, to become the most popular producer of motion pictures in much of the world. During this time Blackton applied his talent as an illustrator to create motion picture animation. The chapter concludes with Vitagraph and the other pioneer filmmakers being forced to join Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company in order to remain in business.

Keywords:   Brooklyn studio, nickelodeon, pioneer filmmakers, stock company, animation, studio system, cinematic, foreign distribution, Florence Turner, Motion Picture Patents Company

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