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Congressional AmbivalenceThe Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority$
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Jasmine Farrier

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780813192628

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

A Freer Hand to Promote Free Trade

A Freer Hand to Promote Free Trade

Fast Track from Nixon to G. W. Bush

Chapter:
(p.81) 3 A Freer Hand to Promote Free Trade
Source:
Congressional Ambivalence
Author(s):

Jasmine Farrier

Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0004

This chapter focuses on the institutional developments surrounding the 30-year history of the fast-track trade implementation process that have a similarity to the BRAC commissions and tell an equally revealing story about contemporary separation of powers arrangements. While Congress has agreed to step aside in this way for 35 years, there was an eight year pause on fast track between 1994 and 2002 when these provisions expired after passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1993 and the establishment of the World Trade Organization and the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade in 1994. These major agreements reignited simmering domestic controversies over the means and ends of trade policy. In 2002, fast track was reinstated for President George W. Bush as part of a post-9/11 legislative moment, and many members of both parties have since turned around on the issue by fighting the implementation of trade deals formed under the renewed processes, such as pacts with Central America, Chile, and, most recently, Vietnam and Peru.

Keywords:   fast track, free trade, BRAC commissions, separation of powers, North American Free Trade Agreement, World Trade Organization, General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade, trade policy, George W. Bush

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