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Decision in the AtlanticThe Allies and the Longest Campaign of the Second World War$
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Marcus Faulkner and Christopher M. Bell

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781949668001

Published to Kentucky Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5810/kentucky/9781949668001.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM KENTUCKY SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.kentucky.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The University Press of Kentucky, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in KSO for personal use.date: 27 September 2021

Meat Exports and the Limits of Wartime Multilateralism

Meat Exports and the Limits of Wartime Multilateralism

Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard’s Response to America’s Changing Global Role

(p.195) 8 Meat Exports and the Limits of Wartime Multilateralism
Decision in the Atlantic

Kevin Smith

University Press of Kentucky

During the Second World War, the United States transitioned gradually to a foreign policy of "multilateral engagement" from a policy of "unilateral political disengagement." One of those tasked with implementing policy, Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard, reverted to nationalism and unilateralism when pressed to implement a promise to expand meat exports to Britain as part of an effort to maximize efficiency in usage of refrigerated shipping capacity during the Battle of the Atlantic. This episode illustrates the challenges in this transition and also depicts the broader managerial context of maritime warfare, ranging far beyond anti-submarine warfare to questions of shipping allocation, cargo provision, and inter-Allied relations. Thus this chapter by Kevin Smith integrates the study of resource management, scarcity, alliance diplomacy, and maritime warfare.

Keywords:   allocation, Battle of the Atlantic, isolation, meat exports, multilateral, rationing, shipping, unilateral

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